The cannabis or hemp plant has a long history, going back several thousand years, originating in Central Asia, then spreading east to China, south to India, and westward to Europe, the Middle East, and Africa.
In most ancient cultures, though, “getting high” was not the primary use of the plant. For many years cannabis has been used for medical treatment and can be used as a product to relieve pain as well. Hemp fiber was used for making clothes and other textiles, and its seeds were used for food and oil. The types of plant used for these purposes had very low amounts of THC, the cannabinoid that causes intoxication.
There are more than 104 different cannabinoids, the most known are THC and CBD.
THC is a psychoactive substance. THC can be used as medicine as well. THC is extracted from the cannabis plant. It is the crystals on the buds of the cannabis plant that contains the highest concentration of THC. THC can be consumed in many ways.
Often people will smoke the cannabis, but it can be used in a different variety of food in order to achieve the effect of THC. Depending on which variety of cannabis the consumer wants to obtain, the effect can be varying.
The hemp plant, domesticated over 6,000 years ago in China, produces more than 400 organic compounds. The two main groups of molecules with bioactive properties found in hemp are terpenes and cannabinoids—CBD pertains to the latter category.
Cannabinoids are compounds that influence the human nervous system via the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The hemp plant features dozens of cannabinoids, with THC, CBD, and CBG being the most common. They differ in their chemical structure and effects.
CBD is thought to have many therapeutic applications, and is also used as a daily dietary supplement to encourage homeostasis. While beneficial for overall well-being, CBD doesn’t have the psychotropic properties of its cousin, THC.
CBD Oil is a natural dietary supplement consisting of Cannabis Sativa L extract containing naturally occurring phytoannabinoids (including CBD) and vegetable oil (the most commonly used one is hemp seed oil). Unlike the ordinary cooking hemp oil, the CBD hemp oil is a dietary supplement containing, along with unsaturated OMEGA-3 and OMEGA-6 fatty acids, a natural extract with the full-spectrum of naturally occurring phytocannabinoids (including CBD), terpenoids and flavonoids, which gives it its unique properties.
The best way to obtain the extract for the production of CBD hemp oil is extraction with supercritical carbon dioxide, so-called CO2 extraction. This unique method can produce a pure and clean extract containing not only cannabidiol, but also the full spectrum substances naturally occurring in hemp – and this is possible without the need for solvents or chemicals that could remain in the final product. An additional advantage of this method is its selectivity – it allows for the cannabinoids and other fat soluble substances to be extracted from the plant, but not any potential contaminants such as fungi and molds, or even heavy metals that could have been accumulated in the plant from soil or air.
No. Our Full Spectrum Oils are all made from industrial hemp, which only has trace amounts of THC, so there is no psychoactive effect from taking our products.
Today, there are really two simple distinctions:
Hemp – A non-psychoactive plant primarily for use in clothing, paper, biofuels, bioplastics, dietary supplements, cosmetics and personal care products, and foods. Hemp is cultivated outdoors as a large crop with both male and female plants being present to foster pollination and increase seed production.
Marijuana – Cannabis sativa specifically cultivated to enhance its THC content to be used for medicinal or recreational purposes. Marijuana plants are typically grown indoors, under controlled conditions, and growers remove all the male plants from the crop to prevent fertilization since fertilization lowers the plant’s THC level.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, and THC for tetrahydrocannabinol. Both are cannabinoids derived from hemp and cannabis plants. The key difference between CBD and THC is that CBD does not induce a high. As a result, CBD is legal in most countries while THC is not. Intriguingly, CBD displays the potential to limit THC’s psychotropic effects by decreasing its ability to bind with CB1 cannabinoid receptors.
Differences between CBD and THC
- Non-psychoactive: doesn’t give users a high.
- No side effects are known.
- Helps prevent psychoactive effects of THC.
- It is legal in most countries.
- Psychoactive: gives users a high.
- Has side effects such as paranoia and anxiety.
- Effects are consistent to a psychosis.
- It is illegal in most countries.