The cannabis or hemp plant has a long history, going back several thousand years, originating in Central Asia, then spreading east to China, south to India, and westward to Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. So what is cannabis exactly?
In most ancient cultures, though, “getting high” was not the primary use of the plant. For many years cannabis has been used for medical treatment and can be used as a product to relieve pain as well. Hemp fiber was used for making clothes and other textiles, and its seeds were used for food and oil. The types of plant used for these purposes had very low amounts of THC, the cannabinoid that causes intoxication.
There are more than 104 different cannabinoids, the most known are THC and CBD.
What is THC? THC is a psychoactive substance. THC can be used as medicine as well. THC is extracted from the cannabis plant. It is the crystals on the buds of the cannabis plant that contains the highest concentration of THC. THC can be consumed in many ways.
Often people will smoke the cannabis, but it can be used in a different variety of food in order to achieve the effect of THC. Depending on which variety of cannabis the consumer wants to obtain, the effect can be varying.
The hemp plant, domesticated over 6,000 years ago in China, produces more than 400 organic compounds. The two main groups of molecules with bioactive properties found in hemp are terpenes and cannabinoids—CBD pertains to the latter category.
Cannabinoids are compounds that influence the human nervous system via the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The hemp plant features dozens of cannabinoids, with THC, CBD, and CBG being the most common. They differ in their chemical structure and effects.
CBD is thought to have many therapeutic applications, and is also used as a daily dietary supplement to encourage homeostasis. While beneficial for overall well-being, CBD doesn’t have the psychotropic properties of its cousin, THC.
CBD Oil is a natural dietary supplement consisting of Cannabis Sativa L extract containing naturally occurring phytoannabinoids (including CBD) and vegetable oil (the most commonly used one is hemp seed oil). Unlike the ordinary cooking hemp oil, the CBD hemp oil is a dietary supplement containing, along with unsaturated OMEGA-3 and OMEGA-6 fatty acids, a natural extract with the full-spectrum of naturally occurring phytocannabinoids (including CBD), terpenoids and flavonoids, which gives it its unique properties.
The best way to obtain the extract for the production of CBD hemp oil is extraction with supercritical carbon dioxide, so-called CO2 extraction. This unique method can produce a pure and clean extract containing not only cannabidiol, but also the full spectrum substances naturally occurring in hemp – and this is possible without the need for solvents or chemicals that could remain in the final product. An additional advantage of this method is its selectivity – it allows for the cannabinoids and other fat soluble substances to be extracted from the plant, but not any potential contaminants such as fungi and molds, or even heavy metals that could have been accumulated in the plant from soil or air.
No. You will not get high from using CBD, since it does not contain THC. Our CBD products does always contain less than 0.2% THC, which is the exact compound that is psychoactive and therefore the compound making you high.
CBD is not able to get you high and is completely antipsychotic.
Many people experience feeling relieved or relaxed after using CBD, but it does in no way make you high nor does it affect any type of drug test you may be taking.
Today, there are really two simple distinctions to indicate the difference between hemp and cannabis:
Hemp – A non-psychoactive plant primarily for use in clothing, paper, biofuels, bioplastics, dietary supplements, cosmetics and personal care products, and foods. Hemp is cultivated outdoors as a large crop with both male and female plants being present to foster pollination and increase seed production.
Marijuana – Cannabis sativa specifically cultivated to enhance its THC content to be used for medicinal or recreational purposes. Marijuana plants are typically grown indoors, under controlled conditions, and growers remove all the male plants from the crop to prevent fertilization since fertilization lowers the plant’s THC level.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, and THC for tetrahydrocannabinol. Both are cannabinoids derived from hemp and cannabis plants. The key difference between CBD and THC is that CBD does not induce a high. As a result, CBD is legal in most countries while THC is not. Intriguingly, CBD displays the potential to limit THC’s psychotropic effects by decreasing its ability to bind with CB1 cannabinoid receptors.
Differences between CBD and THC
- Non-psychoactive: doesn’t give users a high.
- No side effects are known.
- Helps prevent psychoactive effects of THC.
- It is legal in most countries.
- Psychoactive: gives users a high.
- Has side effects such as paranoia and anxiety.
- Effects are consistent to a psychosis.
- It is illegal in most countries.
The proven health benefits of CBD are many, and the not-yet proven health benefits is even more. The most common reason for CBD use is against anxiety, where CBD have proven to have a tremendous effect. But this is certainly not the only health benefit you can achieve with CBD. Another use for CBD is pain relief – this health benefit has been known to date back as far as 2900 B.C. making it one of the oldest medicines we still use today.
Several studies in the CBD field have shown that it may help reduce chronic pain by reducing inflammation, interacting with neurotransmitters and impacting endocannabinoid receptor activity.
CBD is known to may be helping reducing symptoms that is related to cancer and the side effects there may be related to cancer treatment like pain, vomiting and nausea.
Based on a test-tube study it was found that CBD oil was able to prevent gland cells from secreting excessive sebum including other benefits related to acne treatment, which has been a very common topic around the internet. The anti-inflammatory qualities of CBD makes it one of the safest and most efficient ways to treat acne.
With CBD’s effect on the endocannabinoid system including other brain signaling systems it has come to show that there is a high probability that CBD can provide benefits for people affected with neurological disorders.
Epilepsy is actually one of the most studied subjects in all studies involving CBD, and while the research area is still fairly new it has shown very promising results.
One of the most interesting research topics related to CBD is the benefits that it may have within the heart and circulatory system which includes the ability to lower high blood pressure, which can help prevent a dozen of heart conditions such as strokes, heart attacks and metabolic syndrome.
Among the lesser known potential benefits of CBD are:
Antipsychotic effects where studies have come to a suggestion that CBD may be able to help people with schizophrenia including other mental disorders by reducing the symptoms related to their psychotic illnesses.
Assistance for people with substance abuse in relation to their treatment, where a study has shown a possibility that it can help reduce the morphine dependence and seeking behavior related to their addiction.
Through test-tubes and animal studies there has also been shown possible anti-tumor effects, that has displayed in animals where it has managed to prevent the spread of several different cancer tumors such as prostate cancer, brain cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer and breast cancer.
And lastly there has been studies made that has shown CBD usage in relation to reducing diabetes with a reduction of 56% including a significant reducing in inflammation which of course is a known effect as we covered earlier.
Since hemp oil is a processed product, the amount of side effects are very limited and if you choose a raw product you should be aware that clinical research data has shown that it can cause throat irritation, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, bradycardia and hypertension which is of course things you highly wanna avoid. This does also mean that pregnant and breastfeeding women should never consume any raw hemp product, like many other raw products.
If you are already on other medications, you should note that hemp should not be consumed if you are currently affected by cardiac glycosides such as Lanoxin since this medication is used for speeding up the heart beat while CBD can have a slowing effect on your heart rate.
The other medication you should not combine CBD with is diuretics which is products like Lasix, Microzie, Diuril and more. Due to the diuretics having a high likelihood of lowering the potassium in your body, there is a risk that hemp having a similar effect, you will loss potassium due to the increase in fluid outputs. This can impact your heart due to the risk of lowering your potassium levels.
The overall conclusion from this, is that the amount of side effects in processed oil is very limited and unless you are either pregnant, breastfeeding or are affected by heart problems you should not hesitate to try out hemp oil.